Volume 4, No 1.

 

Copyright @2012 Australian and New Zealand Journal of European Studies

Vol.4 (1) ISSN 1837-2147 (Print) ISSN 1836-1803 (On-line)

 

Contents

 

ANNIKA BJÖRKDAHL (Lund University) “The EU Administration of Mostar: Implications for the EU’s evolving peacebuilding approach” (Pg 2.)“The EU Administration of Mostar: Implications for  the EU’s evolving peacebuilding approach” (Pg 2.)

 

This article explores the EU’s efforts to reunify and reconstruct Mostar through the seminal  experiment of EUAM (1994-1996), which combined peacebuilding with urban reconstruction in an  innovative way. The aim is to identify lessons to be learned from the experiences of EUAM that can  assist the EU to adjust its peacebuilding approach to better address post-conflict divides in cities  where the EU currently is engaged. Cities divided by violent conflict tend to freeze the conflict, as  they remained divided regardless of a conflict settlement, and they become serious obstacles to peace and a challenge to peacebuilding. Far too little is known about the role of urban space in building peace in ethno-nationally contested cities. By marrying critical urban studies with critical  peacebuilding literature this article brings novelty to EU-studies and advances our understanding of the EU’s role in peacebuilding as well as in the Western Balkans.

Keywords: European Union, divided city, Mostar, peacebuilding, reconstruction, urban.

  

MARY VENNER (University of New South Wales) “The EU in Kosovo: Operational Dilemmas, Political Priorities and the Realities of Post-Conflict Assistance” (Pg 18.)“The EU in Kosovo: Operational Dilemmas, Political Priorities and the Realities of Post-Conflict Assistance” (Pg 18.)

 

The European Union was a major participant in post conflict reconstruction in Kosovo and continues to be the leading international actor. This article examines the effectiveness of the EU’s contribution to developing Kosovo’s government institutions and the implementation of its development assistance programs. The EU faced practical difficulties at the very start of its engagement which undermined its impact, and there are ongoing deficiencies in the EU’s approach to development assistance. There are also questions about the appropriateness of the EU’s strategy in Kosovo from the perspective of Kosovo’s economic development. It is argued that EU assistance activities, based on the accession process and compliance with ‘European standards,’ are excessively complex, are oriented more towards benefiting the EU and its members, and may not address the development problems of Kosovo, or agree with the priorities of Kosovo’s population.

Keywords: development assistance, European Agency for Reconstruction (EAR), European Union, institution building, Kosovo, UNMIK

 

MIRKO GARASIC (Centre for Ethics and Global Politics, LUISS University) “Human Enhancement in the EU” (Pg 31.)“Human Enhancement in the EU” (Pg 31.)

 

Many academics in the Western world favour Human Enhancement (HE) with the motto: “if we can, we should.” It is hard to deny the appeal of the idea of sparing or ridding human beings of some of our “weaknesses.” This idea is instinctively appealing, but once certain factors are considered, the morality of such an approach becomes less convincing. This article analyses the political dimension of HE, defining whether or not the European Union (EU) has a common stance on the issue. If HE is morally condemned at a theoretical level, the practical question arises of whether the EU shares a moral stance on the issue. A positive answer to this question will help reinforce a European identity, whereas a negative one will push us to question its appropriateness and will help to provide the necessary tools to change the current state of affairs.

Keywords: Bioethics, Biopolitics, European Union, Genetic Engineering, Human Enhancement, Justice.

 

MARIA GARCIA (NCRE University of Canterbury) “From bottom of the pyramid to top priority: Explaining Asia in the EU’s Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Strategy” (Pg 42.)

Over the past two decades the economic relations between the European Union and Asia have increased exponentially, yet policy responses have lagged behind. Tracing EU official documents since the mid-1990s, this paper shows how the EU continues to perceive its position in Asia as weak, and how it has been shaped by USA actions in the region, and competitiveness concerns. The paper focuses on current trends in free trade agreement negotiations and argues that the EU’s policy has been guided by fear of competition with the USA, and to a lesser extent with Japan and China. A short case study section compares the EU and USA FTAs with South Korea (the only ones finalized thus far) and shows how their similar content reveals a game of competition and of preventing future discrimination. A final section draws some implications from this case study for ongoing negotiations in the region.

Keywords: Competition, EU-Asia, EU external relations, Free trade agreements, Negotiations, Trade policy

 

CESAA Essay Prize Winners

 

Book Reviews

 

Notes on Contributors